This is closely related to what Prison Category the person is allocated.
After someone is sentenced (whether they were on remand or on bail) they will normally go to their ‘local’ prison. If the sentence is a short one (typically under six months) then it is likely that they will stay at that prison for the whole of the sentence.
For longer sentences, there are various factors set out in the Prison Service Orders in deciding which prison someone will got to. There is no legal requirement for a prisoner to be allocated to any particular prison, or a prison within a certain distance from their home. However, the authorities will try to put someone who is serving a longer sentence close to their family if possible. Family ties however will not generally impact on prison categorisation.
Prisoners can be (and often are) moved around during their sentence…
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